This module gives you an overview of 2018 Rwanda National Guidelines and the updates contained therein. The module cues you to what is expected of you to understand about new data in the field of HIV/AIDS and to be able to deliver as a health professional in the field.
PEPFAR and HIVQUAL consider an HIV quality improvement projects as the main vehicles by which a facility makes incremental process improvements to its various care elements and changes its processes and systems of care. Quality Improvement (QI) is the means by which activities are routinely evaluated to check whether services offered by the multidisciplinary team are following established guidelines and standard operating procedures (SOPs). QI should be a routine, ongoing part of the normal functioning of health facilities. Therefore, QI should incorporate procedures in which all staff at all levels — not just supervisors — are involved. A good CQI program offer a range of benefits including a) Improved patient health outcomes , b) Improved efficiency of managerial and clinical processes by reducing waste and costs associated with system failures and redundancy, C) Avoided costs associated with process failures, errors, and poor outcomes by Streamlining reliable processes which are less expensive to maintain, D) Proactive processes that recognize and solve problems before they occur ensure that systems of care are reliable and predictable and E) Improved communication with resources that are internal and external to an organization, such as, funders, civic and community organizations.
Every two years, HIV guidelines are reviewed and updated in accordance with recent national and international discoveries. This course is the HIV Guidelines, 2018 Edition, Clinical Mentors Training. The guidelines for this training include information on the packages of HIV prevention and HIV care and treatment.
In this module, Cyprien Baribwira describe shortly the objectives of elimination of MTC in general and in particular for Rwanda, then describes the mechanisms for mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) and prevention of transmission in utero, peripartum, and postpartum. ; the key prevention measures to avoid MTC focusing on providing antiretroviral drugs during early pregnancy to end of breastfeeding which is the best way to minimize the risk of MTC in women who are already HIV infected before or during pregnancy with reference to Rwanda prevention guideline of 2018 .This module is part of the HIV courses and will take the week 1 of the courses . It comprise 5 units and a final evaluation quiz